Additional Resources General Resources Five Year Calendar of Important Islamic Dates Recognizing these important dates not only brings awareness of the diversity within the student population but also instills pride in Muslim students who celebrate them. Muslim students may be embarrassed or shy to acknowledge these practices or holidays, which are not yet a part of mainstream American culture. Read more. Ramadan Information Sheet Ramadan is considered the holiest month of the year for Muslims. In Ramadan, Muslims fast from food and drink during the sunlit hours as a means of learning self-control, gratitude, and compassion for those less fortunate. Read more. Hajj Information Sheet Once in a lifetime, every adult Muslim with the physical and financial ability should make a pilgrimage to the holy city of Mecca. During the pilgrimage to Mecca known as Hajj, American Muslims join over two millions Muslims from around the world. Hajj is a commemoration of the life and trials of the Prophet Abraham and his family. The basic acts of Hajj last for five days during the 12th month of the lunar Islamic calendar called Dhul-Hijjah. Read more. Islamic New Year Information Sheet The Islamic calendar dates from the migration of the Prophet Muhammad and his followers from Mecca to Medina in the year 622 C.E. (Common Era), which is known as the Hijra. The Hijra marks a turning point in the history of Islam which is why it marks the beginning of the Islamic calendar, rather than the birth of the Prophet Muhammad or the first Qur’anic revelation in 610 C.E. Read more. ING’s Recommended List of Books for Further Reading ING has curated a list of both fictional and non-fictional books for adults and youth on topics relating to Islam and Muslims, including Muslim history in the world and in the United States. Read more. School Resources Religious Practices of Muslim Students in Public Schools Religiously mandated practices for students are protected by the First Amendment, which upholds the right to freedom of religion. The First Amendment guarantees such religious rights as the right to wear religiously mandated clothing and to observe religiously mandated dietary rules. It also guarantees the right of a student to engage in personal worship or prayer, so long as it is student initiated and does not disrupt classroom instruction. Read more. Teaching About Religion: Do’s and Don’ts Many educators are unsure whether or not it is constitutional to teach about religion in public schools. The link provides answers to questions regarding teaching about religion in public school while upholding separation of church and state mandates. Read more.